We also occasionally offer LEMON BASIL, PURPLE BASIL and THAI BASIL as well, which lend their own distinct flavor to certain dishes.
Smooth, oval-shaped leaves vary in size (1 1/2 to 4 inches) with an aromatic fragrance, especially when rubbed or ‘bruised’ that is reminiscent of anise, cloves & mint, although it stands alone in its uniquity and many people would describe it many different ways.
Nutrient Value & Health Benefits of Basil Leaves
* Essential oils such as eugenol, citronellol, linalool, citral, limonene and terpineol are known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
* Exceptionally high levels of beta-carotene, vitamin A, cryptoxanthin, lutein and zea-xanthin help fight free radicals that play a role in aging and various disease processes.
* 100 g (approx 1 Cup) of fresh herb leaves contain astoundingly 5275 mg or 175% of daily required doses of vitamin A which is essential for vision and required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin-A has been found to help the body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
* Excellent source of iron, contains 3.17 mg/100 g of fresh leaves (about 26% of RDA)
* Vitamin K is essential for many coagulant factors in the blood and plays a vital role in the bone strengthening function by helping mineralization process in the bones.
* A good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, copper, and magnesium
* Zea-xanthin, a yellow flavonoid carotenoid compound, is selectively absorbed into the retinal macula lutea where it is found to filter harmful UV rays from reaching the retina. Studies suggest that common herbs, fruits, and vegetables that are rich in zea-xanthin anti-oxidant help to protect from age-related macular disease (AMRD), especially in the elderly.
* Polyphenolic flavonoids like orientin and vicenin have been tested for their possible anti-oxidant protection against radiation-induced lipid per-oxidation.